Bɔ Mmɔden vs. Sɔ Hwɛ

“Bɔ mmɔden” and “sɔ hwɛ” are both phrasal verbs that mean “to try”, but they aren’t the same, and you cannot use them interchangeably. If

English Translation of “a”

a letter

  1. first letter of the Akan alphabet

a plural nominal prefix

  1. prefixed to certain nouns to form their plural forms
    • ɔsɔfo (a pastor) to asɔfo (pastors)
    • pɔnkɔ (a horse) to apɔnkɔ (horses)
    • nantwie (a cow) to anantwie (cows)

a plural adjectival prefix

  1. prefixed to certain adjectives to form their plural forms
    • kɛseɛ (big, singular) to akɛseɛ (big, plural)
    • foforɔ (other; new, singular) to afoforɔ (others; new, plural)
    • tenten (long, sinular) to atenten (long, plural)

a numeral prefix

  1. prefixed to numbers in tens, from 20 to 90
    • aduonu (twenty)
    • aduasa (thirty)
    • aduanan (forty)
    • aduonum (fifty)
    • aduosia (sixty)
    • aduɔson (seventy)
    • aduɔwɔtwe (eighty)
    • aduɔkron (ninety)

a if-clause particle

  1. can be used with or without “sɛ” to form if clauses within conditional statements
    • woba a, mɛkɔ (if you come, I’ll go)
    • sɛ woba a, mɛkɔ (if you come, I’ll go)
    • wohwɛ me a, mɛsa sɛ afofantɔ (if you look at me, I’ll dance like a butterfly)
    • sɛ wohwɛ me a, mɛsa sɛ afofantɔ (if you look at me, I’ll dance like a butterfly)
    • wɔwo wo wɔ Amɛreka a, wonyini yɛ tenten (if you’re born in America, you grow tall)
    • sɛ wɔwo wo wɔ Amɛreka a, wonyini yɛ tenten (if you’re born in America, you grow tall)

a relative pronoun

  1. used as the subject of a relative clause to refer to an antecedent referent
    • akokɔ no a yɛkumm no no anwu (the chicken that we killed did not die)
    • Onyankopɔn a mesom no no da so te ase (the God that I worship is still alive)
    • osikani no a ɔgyaee ne yere no asan aware (the rich man who divorced his wife has remarried)
    • sika no a wode maa me no ayera (the money which you gave me is lost)

a interrogative particle

  1. used to form questions
    • ɔno a? (is it him/her?)
    • ɛyɛ ɛno a? (is that it?)

a emphatic particle

  1. used to emphasize
    • ɔno a! (it’s him/her!)
    • me a! (it’s me!)

a perfect aspect marker

  1. used to make the perfect form of verbs
    • akwadaa no ada (the child has slept)
    • ɔwɔ no aka papa no (the snake has bitten the man)
    • abansoro no adwiri agu (the storey building has collapsed)

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